In 1901, Federation saw Western Australia transform from an independent colony to a state of the Commonwealth of Australia, with the City of Perth gaining increased importance as the capital of the new state.
During the 1920s the appearance and character of Perth was confirmed rather than altered dramatically, although late in the 1930s the construction of several multi-storey buildings in the city centre, such as the Gledden Building on the corner of William and Hay Streets, forecast the dramatic changes of the 1960s.
The population of Perth changed in size and character after World War II as immigration brought new cultures and traditions to the city. A major phase of development spurred on by the mineral boom of the 1960s and 1970s saw skyscrapers built and the city take on a more modern character.
During the entrepreneurial 1980s and more temperate 1990s, the city continued its transition from a “large country town” to a dynamic and progressive city.
Today, Perth continues its evolution into one of Australia’s most distinctive and welcoming cities. Ideally positioned as a business and tourism gateway for the world, yet sufficiently distanced from other cities to maintain its unique appeal, Perth is young enough to retain its links to the past for current and future generations.